Adolescents are more likely than adults to be diagnosed with scoliosis, a sideways curvature of the spine. For the most part, the origin of most childhood scoliosis is unknown; however, it can develop in persons with illnesses such as muscular dystrophy.
Scoliosis in youngsters usually does not worsen as they grow; however, this is not always the case. Scoliosis, of a severe degree, can be crippling. When there is a severe spine curvature, the lungs may not be able to function correctly because of the reduced chest space.
Doctors use X-rays to detect if the curvature progresses to keep track of children with mild scoliosis. Treatment isn't always necessary. Some youngsters will need to wear a brace to prevent the curve from worsening. Surgeons may be required to correct severe curvatures in some patients.
Scoliosis is a lateral curve of the spine that is abnormally pronounced. It's most commonly discovered in the formative years of youth or childhood. In the "sagittal" plane, the spine's standard curves are found in the cervical, thoracic, and lumbar regions. The head is positioned on top of the pelvis during movement by these natural curves, transferring mechanical stress. Most commonly, scoliosis is described as an abnormal curvature of the spine in the "coronal" plane (the front).
If you notice any of these symptoms, you may be at risk of developing scoliosis. Make an appointment with your doctor if you experience any following symptoms.
At the initial diagnosis, 23 percent of individuals with idiopathic scoliosis had back pain. There were underlying conditions in 10% of these individuals, such as spondylolisthesis, syringomyelia, tied cord, herniated disc, or a spinal tumor, that were present. Scoliosis patients experiencing more than mild back pain should have a complete examination to rule out any other possible causes.
In most cases of scoliosis, the spine not only curves in one direction but also rotates or twists. As a result, the ribs and muscles on one side of the body protrude outwardly.
Idiopathic scoliosis may compromise pulmonary function because of changes in the form and size of the thorax. According to recent studies, patients with mild to moderate idiopathic scoliosis have impaired pulmonary function.
The most prevalent kind of scoliosis has the following risk factors:
In the event of a verified scoliosis diagnosis, the following factors should be considered to decide the best course of treatment:
Does the patient's spine continue to grow and change?
Is the curve significant enough to impact the patient's daily routine?
If the curve is located in the thoracic region, it is more likely to progress than if it is found elsewhere in the spine.
Curve progression - individuals with ample curves before their adolescent growth spurts are more prone to curve progression.
The following therapy options may be suggested after these variables have been evaluated:
Consult an orthopaedic specialist who can provide a wide range of orthopaedic services for people living with scoliosis or those who suspect their child has the condition.