• Children’s Orthopaedic & Spine Care Clinic
Charcot Marie Tooth Disease Treatment In Gurgaon

Charcot Marie Tooth Disease (HSMN) Treatment For Children In Gurgaon

Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease (CMT), also known as hereditary motor and sensory neuropathy (HMSN), is a group of inherited conditions that damage the peripheral nerves. It affects about 1 in 2,500 people and is the most common inherited neuromuscular disease. Mutations in over 80 different genes may lead to CMT and the degree of disease can differ according to a gene's mutation.

Symptoms & Causes Of Charcot Marie Tooth Disease (HSMN) In Children

The symptoms of CMT in children may include difficulty with balance and coordination, foot deformities, muscle atrophy, and reduced sensation in the affected areas. The disease is caused by genetic mutations that affect the structure or function of the peripheral nerves.

  • Weaknesses in the leg and foot : This is a most common sign of CMT in children. The weakness can prevent children from being able to move, run, jump or step up the stairs.
  • Muscle weakness and atrophy in feet : muscle weakness and atrophy may occur in legs and feet, leading to deformities such as high arches or hammertoes.
  • Sensory impairment in the legs and feet : children with CMT may also have sensory impairment in their legs and feet. It can cause the sensation of tingling, numbness and pain.
  • Delayed motor milestones : Children with CMT may reach their motor milestones, such as walking and running, later than other children.
  • Difficulty with fine motor skills :Children with CMT may also have trouble with the ability to move and react properly, e.g. in terms of buttoning, ziplining or typing.
Symptoms Of Charcot Marie Tooth Disease In Children
Treatment Of Charcot Marie Tooth Disease In Children

Treatment Of Charcot Marie Tooth Disease (HSMN) In Children

While there is no cure for CMT, treatment focuses on managing symptoms and improving quality of life. This may involve physical therapy, orthotic devices for foot and ankle support, pain management, and in some cases, surgical interventions to correct deformities.

Regular monitoring and a multidisciplinary approach involving neurologists, orthopedic specialists, and rehabilitation therapists can help children with CMT manage their symptoms and maintain functionality as much as possible.