Elbow deformities in children can significantly impact their ability to perform daily activities and affect their overall quality of life. Understanding the different types of elbow deformities, their causes, symptoms, and available treatments is crucial for early detection and effective management.
Cubitus varus, commonly known as gunstock deformity, is a condition characterized by the inward angulation or deviation of the forearm about the upper arm, resulting in an abnormal appearance of the elbow joint. The most common cause of cubitus varus is a malunion of a previous fracture of the lateral condyle of the humerus, which leads to improper healing and subsequent deformity.
Cubitus valgus is an elbow deformity characterized by the outward angulation or deviation of the forearm about the upper arm, resulting in an abnormal alignment of the elbow joint. The most common causes of cubitus valgus are supracondylar fractures of the humerus or growth plate injuries that result in improper healing and subsequent deformity.
Symptoms of cubitus valgus may include a limited range of motion, pain, instability, and
cosmetic concerns. The treatment of cubitus valgus depends on the severity of the deformity
and the presence of symptoms. Conservative management options may include physical therapy
and orthotic devices to improve the range of motion and stability. In more severe cases,
corrective surgical procedures may be necessary to realign the bones and restore normal
Children with elbow deformities need to receive timely and appropriate medical attention. A thorough evaluation by a pediatric orthopedic specialist is necessary to accurately diagnose the specific deformity and determine the most suitable treatment approach. When developing a treatment plan, the specialist will consider factors such as the child's age, the deformity's severity, the symptoms' presence, and the impact on daily activities.
In addition to the physical aspects, the psychological well-being of children with elbow deformities should not be overlooked. Supportive care from healthcare professionals and involvement from parents and caregivers can help children cope with any emotional or social challenges associated with their condition. Education and counselling can also provide valuable information and resources to assist children, and their families in navigating the treatment process.