A healthy spine is a necessity for your body. Without it, you couldn't stand up or keep yourself straight. It gives your body shape and support and lets you move around freely or bend in comfortable ways. Your spinal cord, which transmits signals from your brain to the rest of your body and enables you to move, is likewise shielded by your spine. If you didn't have a spinal cord, you couldn't move any part of your body or make your organs work. Taking care of your spine is integral to living an active life.
A normal, healthy spine is slightly curved, like the letter "S." A spinal deformity changes the curve or alignment of the spine. Some people get spinal cord deformities as they get older or because of an accident. On the other hand, a congenital spinal deformity is there from birth. They can cause pain, trouble moving around, and even problems with the nervous system if they are not correctly diagnosed and treated.
There are three main types of common spinal deformities, and each affects the spine differently:
When someone has scoliosis, their spine curves to the side, most people are diagnosed with scoliosis when they are children, but some cases may not be found until they are adults or may get worse as they age. Scoliosis that starts in adulthood can happen when the discs wear out, and the spine gets weaker. If scoliosis isn't treated, it can cause long-term health problems, such as problems with the heart and lungs.
Kyphosis is a condition in which the spine curves outward more than it should. It is often called "hunchback." Kyphosis is more common in older women and is usually caused by broken vertebrae due to osteoporosis. On the other hand, Kyphosis can happen to anyone at any age. Kyphosis is common in adults but can also be present at birth or develop in children who slouch or have bad posture.
When the lower back curves inward, the spine develops lordosis, often called swayback. Lordosis is one of the congenital disabilities of the spine that can happen to a growing fetus. But lordosis can happen to people of any age, especially if they have bad posture or are overweight.
Most of the time, these are the most common signs of any spinal deformity:
Some of the most common reasons why the spine isn't straight are:
Treating spinal deformity aims to get the spine as straight as possible. This also usually eliminates any pain, weakness, or loss of feeling caused by the wrong alignment.
Before recommending surgery to fix a spinal deformity, Orthopedic Clinic in Gurgaon will try all less invasive treatments first. Your treatment options will depend on what kind of spinal deformity you have and how bad it is. For example, a broken vertebra may need surgery right away to avoid problems like paralysis.
Some common nonsurgical and surgical treatments for spinal deformity are:
Surgery to fix a spinal deformity can be very simple or very complicated. When a collapsed disc in the neck has caused the cervical spine to be out of place, the surgery to remove it can often be done on an outpatient basis. On the other hand, scoliosis surgery may require a lengthy procedure to put rods and screws along parts of the spine.